Running mysql on a separate XFS volume

This article explains setting up mysql on a separate XFS volume.


You could change the mysql data dir post installation to point to newly created volume/disk, and start mysql service. Pretty straight forward, only thing to worry would be to keep track of configuration changes of mysql. I would have followed the same approach too.

Here's another way to do the same. Lets begin with a fresh installation of mysql db.

sudo apt-get install -y xfsprogs mysql-server

Create an XFS file system and mount it as /data

grep -q xfs /proc/filesystems || sudo modprobe xfs
sudo mkfs.xfs /dev/sdx

Note: `/dev/sdx` refers to the newly attached volume, you can confirm this using `fdisk -l`.

echo "/dev/sdx /data xfs noatime 0 0 " | sudo tee -a /etc/fstab
sudo mkdir -m 000 /data
sudo mount /data

We have now mounted the volume under /data with an XFS file system, and it will be automatically mounted upon reboots.

Configure MySQL to use the new volume

Stop the MySQL server

sudo service mysql stop

We will now move the existing database files to the new volume and point MySQL to the correct database files using mount bind.

sudo mkdir /data/etc /data/lib /data/log

# Move existing data files
sudo mv /etc/mysql /data/etc
sudo mv /var/lib/mysql /data/lib
sudo mv /var/log/mysql /data/log

# Create mount points
sudo mkdir /etc/mysql /var/lib/mysql /var/log/mysql

# Update fstab
echo "/data/etc/mysql /etc/mysql none bind" | sudo tee -a /etc/fstab
sudo mount /etc/mysql

echo "/data/lib/mysql /var/lib/mysql none bind" | sudo tee -a /etc/fstab
sudo mount /var/lib/mysql

echo "/data/log/mysql /var/log/mysql none bind" | sudo tee -a /etc/fstab
sudo mount /var/log/mysql

Restart the MySQL server

sudo service mysql start

Perfect! We are now running MySQL with all of the data and binary files stored on newly created XFS volume!


Vinayak Mishra

Vinayak Mishra, a Cricket Enthusiast with keen interest in web and mobile applications. Hails from Mithila, Nepal, married to Rani and dad to his bundle of joy Bunu. Lives in New Delhi, India. You can follow him on Twitter or check out his website,